01.02.2021 – 26.02.2021
Total hours: 40
ATF hours (Austria, Germany, Luxembourg, Switzerland): TBA
ECTS credits (Master & Certificate): 5
Dr. Chiara Brachelente, DVM, PhD, DipECVP (IT)
Dr. Alessandra Fondati, DV, PhD, DipECVD (IT)
Dr. Annette van der Lee, DVM, PhD, DipECVD (NL)
In this first introductory course, the basic principles of dermatology are reviewed. First, the biology of the skin, with special attention to the mechanisms of innate and acquired skin immunity and to the skin microbiome. Second, the approach to the dermatological patient and how the diagnosis is made: the problem-oriented approach (POA), the decision-making process, the adequate use of diagnostic tests and the dual-processing model. Among the diagnostic tests, special attention is given to cutaneous histopathology, considered the most powerful diagnostic tool. Furthermore, the students will learn how to design effective treatment plans under the paradigm of evidence-based medicine and the principles of conservative prescription.
In the second part of the course the main bacterial diseases of the skin will be reviewed. From common diseases as superficial bacterial folliculitis to severe and uncommon conditions as necrotizing fasciitis. The adequate use of diagnostic techniques (cultures, molecular techniques) and the therapy for skin infections, including those caused by multi-resistant organisms will be discussed.
At the end of the course, participants will be able to:
1. Understand skin structure and function (and how different components of the skin are involved in the pathogenesis of different skin diseases).
2. Approach a dermatologic patient following the POA (history, clinical and dermatologic examination, definition of the problem(s), elaboration of an adequate differential diagnosis list).
3. Perform and interpret basic diagnostic techniques (skin scrapings, cutaneous cytologies, skin cultures, skin biopsies).
4. Diagnose and treat the most common bacterial skin diseases of the dog and cat.
Course Duration and structure:
40 hours. Each week the students will receive 8 hours of on line recorded lectures and a few key papers that they will have to review from Mon to Thu. On Friday afternoon there will be a live session (2-3 hours) for discussion of clinical cases and Q&A.
Week 1 (February 1 - 5, 2021)
Mechanisms of cutaneous immunity
Friday 5th: Live session
Week 2 (February 8 - 12, 2021)
The approach to the dermatologic patient. History, lesion description, problem definition and use of diagnostic techniques (cytology, histopathology, molecular techniques).
How a diagnosis is made (dual processing theory).
Friday 12th: Live session
Week 3 (February 15 - 19, 2021)
Bacterial skin infections. Bacterial folliculitis-other superficial pyodermas.
Folliculitis-furunculosis (generalized, post-grooming, German shepherd).
Diagnosis of bacterial infections. Bacterial resistance and the MRS issue.
Friday 19th: Live session
Week 4 (February 22 - 26 2021)
Other deep bacterial infections: botryomycosis, actinomycosis, nocardiosis.
Mycobacterial infections: feline leprosy, panniculitis caused by rapidly growing mycobacteria, canine leproid granuloma syndrome.
Friday 26th: Live session
01 - 26 February 2021 (online)